Until modern times there was no clear distinction between civil engineering and architecture, and the term engineer and architect were mainly geographical variations referring to the same occupation, and often used interchangeably.
Spanning a Host of Specialties
Civil engineers often specialize in one of a number of technical areas. A few examples:
- Coastal Engineering
- Engineering Mechanics
Civil engineers design, build, and maintain the foundation for our modern society – our roads and bridges, drinking water and energy systems, sea ports and airports, and the infrastructure for a cleaner environment, to name just a few.
Civil engineering touches us throughout our day. Think of a civil engineer when you:
Turn on your tap to take a shower or drink clean water
Flick on your lights and open your refrigerator
Drive to work on roads and bridges through synchronized traffic lights
Take mass transit or take a flight for a vacation
Toss your empty coffee cup in the recycling bin